Evolution Excel Garbage Disposal | InSinkErator
- Evolution Excel Garbage Disposal, 1HP
The Evolution Excel® garbage disposal is for those who enjoy the very best kitchen appliances. The ultimate in performance – nothing grinds more with less noise.InSinkErator Evolution Series disposals represent the highest standard in performance. Simply put, they are the best grinding, quietest line of disposals we have ever made.
Select Power Cord Attached
- SoundSeal® Technology delivers Ultra-Quiet performance allowing you to hold a conversation with normal voices in the same room
- MultiGrind® Technology delivers three stages of grind; you can stop worrying about what food you can/cannot put in your disposer
- 1 Horsepower Dura-Drive® Induction Motor is engineered to specifications used for appliance motors, provides quiet operation and long life
- Jam-Sensor® Circuit automatically increases torque to break through tough jams
- Auto-Reverse grind system technology automatically reverses grind direction
- 40 oz. Stainless Steel Grind Chamber and Components for durability
- Assembled in USA with American Pride
- InSinkErator 10-Year We Come To You® In-Home Full Service Limited Warranty Covers parts and labor
- Quick Lock® Sink Mount allows for easy installation and disposer replacement
- 10 Year We Come To You® In-Home Limited Warranty
- Type of Feed
- On/Off Control
- Wall Switch
- Single Phase
- 1 HP
- Time Rating
- Permanently Lubricated Upper & Lower Bearings
- Unit Finish
- Stainless Steel Light Gray
- Overall Height
- Soundseal Technology
- Anti-Vibration Mount™, Anti-Vibration Tailpipe Mount™, Sink Baffle, Multi-Layer SoundLimiter™ Insulation
- MultiGrind Technology
- GrindShear Ring®
- Grind Chamber Capacity
- 40 oz
- Motor Protection
- Manual Reset Overload
- Average Water Usage
- Approx. 1 Gallon Per Person Per Day
- Average Electrical Usage
- 3-4 KWh Per Year
- Drain Connection
- 1-1/2″ Anti-Vibration (Hose Clamp)
- Dishwasher Drain Connection
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InSinkErator® may make improvements and/or changes in the specifications of products at any time, in its sole discretion, without notice or obligation and further reserves the right to change or discontinue models.
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The Evolution of Microsoft Office Encryption: From Word 2.0 to Office 2019
The first version of Microsoft Office was released in 1988. Over the years, Microsoft Office has evolved from a simple text editor to a powerful suite of applications and cloud services with more than 1.2 billion users, and Microsoft Office file formats have become the de facto standard in workflow. With the release of Word 2.0 in 1991, encryption appeared in Microsoft office products. Some types of passwords can still be easily removed to this day, but decrypting encrypted files is becoming more difficult with each new generation of Office. Today we will talk about how data protection has evolved in Microsoft Office products.
|Password to open
|All except Outlook
|Depending on version
|Word, Excel, PowerPoint
|Password Shared Book
|Depending on version
Word 2. 0 – 95, Excel 4.0 – 95
These versions of Microsoft Office used the simplest XOR algorithm. Even at the time of the release of this version of Microsoft Office, this type of encryption was considered to be an imitation of protection; it is possible to decrypt protected documents both then and now instantly; there is no need for sustained attacks. This type of protection lasted until Office 9.5 inclusive.
Result : instant decryption.
Office 97 and 2000
When Office 97 was released, Microsoft already knew what encryption should be. However, Office 97 came out with deliberately weakened security. The reason was US export restrictions. In the US version of the product, users could configure strong encryption themselves, but this almost never happened due to compatibility restrictions.
Technically, Office 97 used an RC4 stream cipher and an MD5 hash function. For protection, a 40-bit key and a single iteration of the hash function were used. At the time of its release, such protection was considered weak; Today, documents protected in this way can be quickly decrypted without the use of hardware accelerators and distributed attacks.
Moreover, to remove the protection and decrypt documents, no brute force is needed. We have developed an algorithm using proprietary Elcomsoft Thunder Tables™ to decrypt any Word 9 document7 and about 97% of Excel 97 spreadsheets in seconds.
To decrypt documents, recovery of the original password is not required: a key recovered using the specified tables is sufficient. If the original password needs to be recovered, then this can be done by brute-force search. The use of modern graphics accelerators makes it possible to achieve brute force rates of tens of millions of passwords per second, which makes it possible to completely enumerate all 40-bit keys in a few hours and decrypt the document (but not restore the original password to the document). Using Elcomsoft Thunder Tables ™ will allow you to decrypt any Word 9 documents7 and about 97% of Excel 97 spreadsheets in a few seconds; the original password for the document is also not recovered and is not used for decryption.
Encryption in Microsoft Office 2000 is identical to the one used in the three-year-old version.
Result : instant decryption by Thunder Tables or exceptionally fast brute force to recover the original password.
Office XP and 2003 with default encryption
By 2000, export control restrictions were almost completely lifted, but Microsoft continued to use weak encryption for several more years in two generations of office products: Office XP and 2003. These versions of Microsoft Office use encryption and hashing algorithms from Office 97 by default. As a result most Office XP and 2003 documents can be decrypted almost instantly using Elcomsoft Advanced Office Recovery and Thunder Tables.
With the release of Office XP, Microsoft allows the use of external cryptographic providers. If an external cryptographic provider is used (which is quite rare), then instead of recovering the 40-bit encryption key, a password brute force is required. At the same time, it is important to note that the choice of an external cryptographic provider affects the length of the encryption key, but does not affect the password hashing algorithm in any way – which means that the speed of password brute force remains the same. Regardless of the chosen cryptography provider, the speed of the password attack will be fixed and will not depend on the chosen length of the encryption key. The time it takes to crack a password depends solely on the length and complexity of the password itself, not on the choice of cryptographic provider. As a result, simple passwords can be recovered almost instantly, while an attack on a 7-character alphanumeric password can take about a day and a half.
The use of external cryptographic providers did not improve the encryption situation: protection in Office XP and Office 2003 was and remains very weak. The average consumer-grade Intel Core i7 processor provides a brute-force rate of about 3 million passwords per second. The graphics accelerator will speed up the enumeration by 250-500 times, depending on the hardware; in modern conditions, such a speed of enumeration indicates extremely weak protection.
Total : Documents saved in the default encryption mode are decrypted instantly using Thunder Tables. The attack on the original password is extremely fast and does not depend on the choice of cryptographic provider.
Office 2007: Strong encryption appearance
Seven years after export restrictions on strong cryptography were lifted, Microsoft stopped using 40-bit encryption. However, the new encryption scheme is not the only new feature in Office 2007.
Starting with the 2007 generation, updated versions of Word and Excel (as well as many other Microsoft Office applications) have radically changed the file format. For Microsoft Word, the file extension has been changed from DOC to DOCX, and Excel spreadsheets are now saved as XLSX files instead of XLS. The new formats are not just extended versions of the original OLE-based file formats from the 1990s. The additional “X” represents the Office Open XML standard (not to be confused with the OpenOffice.org XML file format). What matters from a password recovery point of view is that the new file formats use a completely new encryption system.
Instead of 40-bit RC4 and a single MD5 hash iteration, Microsoft used the industry standard AES-128 and 50,000 SHA-1 hash iterations. Using a long encryption key makes it impossible to attack the key. Now, in order to decrypt the document, it is necessary to recover the original password, which, in turn, means the need for a brute-force attack (or dictionary attacks, mutations, etc.)
Even today, documents encrypted with Office 2007 (and not saved in compatibility mode) are moderately secure. A typical Intel Core i7 processor provides a recovery rate of about 1000 passwords per second, while attacks using the GPU provide a brute-force search rate of about 200,000 passwords per second (NVIDIA Tesla V100). To recover passwords, we recommend using intelligent dictionary attacks.
Outcome : new file format and new encryption method. Instant decryption of the document is not possible. Attack speed is average. Relatively complex passwords require clever dictionary attacks.
Office 2010: double safer
Office 2010 uses the same encryption model as the previous generation. The new Office still uses AES-128 for encryption and SHA-1 for hashing. However, the number of hash iterations has been doubled from 50,000 in Office 2007 to 100,000 in Office 2010. This was done to accommodate hardware evolution and provide a similar level of security.
On today’s hardware, the speed of trying passwords for files saved in Office 2010 is about 500 combinations per second on an Intel Core i7 processor. Using a graphics accelerator allows you to increase the attack speed up to 100,000 passwords per second (NVIDIA Tesla V100). At this stage, brute force attacks become impossible for all but the shortest passwords; a dictionary attack is recommended.
Result : Algorithms from Office 2007, but the number of iterations of the hash function is doubled; enumeration speed is halved compared to Office 2007.
Office 2013, 2016, 2019
In subsequent generations of Office, Microsoft continues to increase the strength of encryption; documents created in new versions of Office are compatible with earlier versions in both directions.
Office 2013 introduced a new encryption method (AES-256) and a new hashing algorithm (SHA-512). Office 2013, 2016, and 2016 use AES-128 or AES-256 encryption and 100,000 iterations of SHA-512 for password hashing. This led to a sharp decrease in the brute force rate, which is now about 50 passwords per second on a modern Intel Core i7 processor. Using the NVIDIA RTX 309 graphics accelerator0 increases the recovery speed to about 25,700 passwords per second.
This speed means that a password consisting of 7 letters of the same case can be recovered by brute force in 5 days; 10 digit password – 6 days. For more complex passwords, smart attacks and the use of graphics accelerators are a must. Distributed attacks (Elcomsoft Distributed Password Recovery) are recommended for cracking long and complex passwords.
Result : the enumeration speed has dropped even more. Low attack speed. A brute-force search using a graphics accelerator allows you to recover passwords from 5 to 10 characters long, depending on the character set used. More complex passwords require advanced dictionary attacks, while long and complex passwords can be recovered using distributed computing.
To restore access to encrypted documents in the old DOC/XLS format and the new DOCX/XLSX format, Advanced Office Password Breaker is used to quickly remove password protection from documents in the old DOC and XLS formats, regardless of the version of Microsoft Office that was used to save the files . These file formats were used by default in Microsoft Word 97/2000 and Excel 97/2000. They remained the default format in Microsoft Office XP and 2003 (quick recovery is only possible with default encryption settings).
Instead of recovering the original password using Thunder Tables, a 40-bit encryption key is attacked, which makes it possible to decrypt Microsoft Word 97/2000 documents and about 97% of Excel tables with guaranteed decryption.
The encryption standard used in Microsoft Office 2007 and later made instant password recovery and instant data decryption impossible (unless the document was saved in the old format in compatibility mode). For all versions of Microsoft Office that save files with .docx and .xlsx extensions, you must recover the password instead of the encryption key.
Modern versions of Microsoft Office are well protected against brute-force attacks, making brute-force attacks impossible. We recommend using intelligent dictionary attacks, GPU acceleration and distributed computing.
Elcomsoft Distributed Password Recovery supports hardware acceleration on most modern video cards, allowing you to use computers equipped with up to 8 GPUs each. A distributed attack mode is available using multiple computers or virtual machines.
AOPB, AOPR, EDPR, GPU, Microsoft Office, Thunder Tables
Advanced Office Password Breaker
Advanced Office Password Breaker will help you decrypt any password-protected Word 97/2000 and Excel 97/2000 document. The program carries out a direct enumeration of 40-bit encryption keys of the document. The unique optimization of the program code for Intel and AMD processors allows you to find the encryption key and decrypt the document in a few days.
Advanced Office Password Breaker official page »
Advanced Office Password Recovery
AOPR allows you to remove, replace or recover passwords that protect documents created in any program from the Microsoft Office suite from version 2.