Place that buys computers: Best Places to Sell Your Used Electronics for 2023

Best Places to Sell For Fast Cash

In this blog, we will discuss where to sell computers online and the best places to sell, used or new.

If you have 20+ new or used computers you are trying to sell, click here! 

With prices of computer hardware steadily declining and technology needs rapidly increasing, companies are more likely to need to sell computers and replace servers, workstations, and other devices at a faster rate.

This is especially true for businesses that manage large data centers or cloud hosting platforms. That’s because they need to keep their services running on the best-performing hardware available.

In the event that you’re working with servers, not workstations or consumer-grade equipment, check out our guide specific to selling servers.

Replacing an entire data center’s worth of computers and equipment is a significant investment. Nevertheless, part of what makes it cost-effective is the owner’s ability to sell or re-purpose the computers they no longer need.

The challenge is deciding how to liquidate those resources and recoup the best benefits.

A business must consider its own strengths and priorities when determining what solution is appropriate.

Below are four strategies that large companies can take when they have computers and other technology to sell in large quantities.

1. Where To Sell Computers:  Local Buyers

Let’s say your company or data center is located in a region where technology companies are abundant. For example, a place such as northern California or parts of the East Coast. In this case, a logical solution for selling your computer resources would be to look for interested local buyers.

These buyers can sometimes even be in the same industry. However, some companies may not want to broker deals to their competitors.

At an executive level, company leaders can reach out to supply chain and purchasing vendors in the area and offer a summary of what they are offering for sale.

Interested buyers will likely be looking for bulk discounts based on the quantity they are willing to purchase.

One of the key advantages of searching for local buyers of IT equipment is that the equipment will be bought in whole. This can be beneficial.

This means a seller does not need to spend time or money to strip the devices into parts or transport them over long distances.

Yet, the major downside of this strategy is the challenge to identify multiple buyers in a small area and negotiate with them.

2. Where To Sell Computers: Online Auctions

If a company believes there is a high demand for the types and quantities of IT resources they are selling, then an online auction can be an effective and profitable approach.

These auctions, popularized by the site eBay, allow bidders from all across the world to take part in the purchasing process.

Before launching the auction process, a company must first come to a valuation target for the equipment they are looking to sell.

This can be calculated by using the original retail value and comparing it to the age of the devices. Although it may be easier to hire an outside firm to provide a full appraisal of the sale package.

Once the value has been calculated, a company can choose to start a single auction to sell computers and equipment. A company may also decide to break the sales up into categories based on hardware types—such as monitors, servers, network routers, and more.

In general, auctions should start below their targeted value in order to encourage bidders to participate.

With an auction, the potential for revenue gain is appealing. Having a group of multiple bidders vying after the IT equipment can result in the final price being well above the targeted value.

Though, if demand within the market is lower than expected, then the sale may actually result in a financial loss.

3. Where To Sell Computers: IT Recycling

Depending on the condition of a company’s IT hardware, consulting with a recycling firm may be a wise strategy to employ. This is especially true if the company plans to strip parts from computers and servers while only selling certain ones.

In general, computer recycling will not be a very profitable exercise. Most recycling organizations will offer low payments if any at all.

However, it is considered to be the most environmentally friendly approach. Simply because it prevents electronics from being dumped into landfills.

A company can also perform its own recycling program within the organization.

For example, if the company is replacing a set of servers in its data center, then the hard drives or memory from the old hardware could be re-purposed elsewhere in the organization.

This will reduce waste and offer cost savings in the long run.

4. Where To Sell Computers: Utilize Trusted Technology Liquidators

Technology companies have to move fast in order to keep up with competitors. A large part of that effort is maintaining strong infrastructure with high-performing hardware.

As a company replaces computers, servers, and networking equipment, executive leaders may find that they do not have the time or knowledge to make an effective sale.

Fortunately, there are computer liquidators that offer easy, fast solutions.

exIT Technologies is an example of one of these firms. We specialize in the sale and re-purposing of a wide range of IT resources.

Our company partners with large companies and data centers that may have a significant number of used computers to sell.

exIT Technologies has years of experience in dealing with used Windows-based desktops and laptops (and laptop parts). We also have experience making deals on bulk quantities of iMacs and other Apple products.

A Technology Liquidator will help companies understand the current value of their IT resources.

Any outside entity can submit a quote request that includes a full inventory of the devices they are looking to sell. The company will then receive a compiled quote that is typically close to 80 percent of wholesale pricing for new hardware.

If certain devices or computers are no longer fully functional, that does not mean they carry no value at all.

exIT Technologies can provide value estimates for individual components such as CPUs, hard drives, and RAM. This way, a company can still sell valuable parts while recycling the rest.

Another big advantage of partnering with a liquidator like exIT Technologies is the expertise in transportation.

In fact, some will send representatives out to individual companies to help with packing and shipping via freight methods. This is a major time-saver.

Selling Computers Online: Quick Summary

All IT resources should be seen as a corporate asset, even when they are planned to be replaced with something bigger, faster, and newer.

Selling used computers can offer a valuable revenue source. However, a company must choose the most effective method for completing the transaction.

Local buyers and auctions can drive competitive pricing. But, they also require a great deal of effort to initiate and manage.

Using a recycling program can be faster and easier. It rarely provides much financial value though.

Therefore trusting a specialized technology liquidator is often the preferred solution. Most have the expertise to offer good value while handling the full sale process from end-to-end.

Above all else, it’s critical for a company to handle equipment sales using good judgment.

If used computers or servers are being sold to an outside buyer, any hard drive connected to the systems must be securely wiped of all data.

This is especially important for cloud hosts and companies who manage data centers. Largely because their equipment may have different sets of private information on them.

Just like with cars and houses, companies should shop for new IT resources with resale value in mind.

Certain brands and types of products are known for their longevity, and these will likely drive higher prices in the future. Considering that factor will benefit companies as they expand their data centers and other IT infrastructure.

So, where to sell computers online for cash? Get a FREE quote today!

Have something to add? Let us know your thoughts in the comments below!

Best places for selling your used electronics

Feature

After getting a quote, all you have to do is ship your old phone or laptop and wait for payout.

By Alaina Yee

Senior Editor, PCWorld Nov 17, 2021 3:30 am PST

Image: Rob Schultz / IDG

Replacing an old device is straightforward—you just pick out a new one and hand over some cash. Getting money for your moderately older or unused electronics can be that easy, too. Instead of using online marketplaces to sell your tech, you can turn to a buyback service instead. They provide a quote based on the item’s age, specs, and condition, then you ship it to them on their dime and wait for the payout. You’ll earn less than if you sell it yourself, but you’ll deal with far less hassle.

The best of the bunch stand out from the rest both for the types of devices they’ll take and how much they pay out. You’ll find them below, along with tips for having a good experience.

Trying to decide between an online marketplace or a buyback service to sell your old electronics? Read our overview of both types of websites to help you decide.

Best services that buy your unwanted electronics

Decluttr

Decluttr accepts select iPhone, Samsung, and other Android smartphones, Apple Watches and iPads, MacBooks, Samsung and Kindle Fire tablets, Samsung smartwatches, and video game consoles. The service also even takes CDs, DVDs, and Blu-rays if you want to extend your purging to media. To qualify for a quote, you must sell Decluttr at least one tech item or 10 media items worth a total of $5 or more.

Unlike rival sites, Decluttr does not promise a specific window for processing your gear once the package arrives. Instead, the company says that its on-site evaluation process happens “as quickly as possible.” That may be a detriment for some, but the exclusive use of UPS for its prepaid shipping labels may balance that out if your access to a post office or FedEx is limited. You’ll use the label with your own shipping material to send out your device.

Offers can get revised after the inspection—if that occurs, you’ll have up to 14 days to accept or decline the new amount. You can have your gear returned to you at no charge should you decline a revised offer.

Please note, PCWorld is partnered with Decluttr to offer readers extra cash-back: During checkout, use the code PCWORLD10 to receive an additional 10 percent on your trade-in. 

Decluttr’s website is easy to navigate, though we found it easier to select a device based on the picture-based links rather than via search.

Payments are sent via direct deposit or PayPal within one business day of an accepted offer. You can also choose to donate the money to a charity instead. Decluttr’s payouts tend to fall on the higher side, and often closely compete with ItsWorthMore (see below). However, the company treats items that are unopened or in mint condition the same as gently used gear for its evaluations, so you may make more cash on those elsewhere.

Our sample iPhone quote was higher than Gazelle but lower than ItsWorthMore, while offers for a Google Pixel 3 and a Samsung Galaxy S8+ beat both Gazelle and ItsWorthMore. An estimate for a 2015 MacBook tracked closely to ItsWorthMore for a baseline configuration.

Sample payout estimates:
  • $195 for a factory-unlocked iPhone 8 Plus (128GB storage, good condition)
  • $98 for an unlocked Google Pixel 3 (128GB storage, good condition)
  • $103 for a unlocked Samsung Galaxy S8+ (64GB storage, good condition)
  • $200 for a 2015 MacBook (Core M 1.1GHz, 8GB RAM, good condition, original charger)

Gazelle

This popular service limits its buybacks to just iPhones, popular Samsung and Google smartphones, and iPads. Gazelle only wants your newer devices, too—supported models go back about five to seven years.

If your gear qualifies and you get a satisfactory quote, you’ll send in your item using a prepaid USPS or FedEx label and your own shipping materials. Upon receipt, the company will take one to two business days to process your box. If the company lowers its offer based on its inspection of the item, you can ask for a re-evaluation. Once that new offer is issued, you have five days to take it or leave it. If you decline, the company will send back your gear at its cost. A non-response will result in an automatic payment at the revised amount.

That money will come to you via Amazon gift card, PayPal, or check. For the electronic payments (Amazon gift cards and PayPal), expect 24 to 48 hours of processing time. For checks, Gazelle sends them via USPS first-class mail, which can take five to 10 days to arrive. Email confirmations with payment details are sent when payments are processed.

On average, Gazelle’s cash offers trend lower. Our sample iPhone and Pixel quotes were almost half of those from Decluttr and ItsWorthMore. The estimate for a Samsung Galaxy S also fell short of those from its rivals, though not quite so badly.

Sample payout estimates:
  • $120 for a factory-unlocked iPhone 8 Plus (128GB storage, good condition)
  • $55 for an unlocked Google Pixel 3 (128GB storage, good condition)
  • $82 for a unlocked Samsung Galaxy S8+ (64GB storage, good condition)

ItsWorthMore

Having trouble finding a taker for your PC or laptop? Try ItsWorthMore—this buyback service takes a wider variety of tech devices compared to its rivals. In addition to iPhones, iPads, Samsung and other Android phones, Android tablets, and MacBooks, you can get quotes for desktop computers and laptops, including high-end lines like the Mac Pro, Surface Studio, and Surface tablets. ItsWorthMore also accepts game consoles, smartwatches, and accessories like AirPods and Beats headphones, too.

To send in your items, you’ll pack them yourself and then slap on your choice of a prepaid FedEx or UPS label. ItsWorthMore’s evaluation for items typically happens one to three business days after the company receives your box. You can request a re-inspection if you don’t agree with a revised offer, and also have the item sent back should you still disagree with the final verdict. You must respond within three days to the new amount, or you’ll be automatically paid out.

Payments are processed within 24 to 48 hours of approval, though you can upgrade while getting the initial offer to an expedited option that guarantees processing within 24 hours and a quicker shipping method. You’ll receive your money through PayPal, Zelle, or check.

ItsWorthMore’s website is simple to navigate, even given the more detailed questions for its valuation assessment.

Compared to Gazelle and Decluttr, ItsWorthMore tends to make higher offers for more expensive configurations or items still in sealed factory packaging. For example, our quote below is for a 2015 MacBook with a baseline configuration, but the amount increases if you choose the model with a larger SSD. That’s not the case with Decluttr, which doesn’t factor in storage size.

For items in good condition or worse, ItsWorthMore tracks with Decluttr, offering more in some cases and less in others. It also consistently beats Gazelle. Our sample estimates for an iPhone 8 Plus and 2015 MacBook were higher than both rivals, but for a Google Pixel 3 and Samsung Galaxy S8+, its quote was only higher than Gazelle’s.

Sample payout estimates:
  • $220 for a factory-unlocked iPhone 8 Plus (128GB storage, good condition)
  • $75 for an unlocked Google Pixel 3 (128GB storage, good condition)
  • $89 for a unlocked Samsung Galaxy S8+ (64GB storage, good condition)
  • $210 for a 2015 MacBook (Core M 1.1GHz, 8GB RAM, 256GB SSD, good condition, original charger)

Tips for using a buyback service

  • Securely reset your device before shipping it. Most laptops, smartphones, tablets, and even smart home devices retain personal information about you, and simply deleting the info won’t wipe that data properly. Don’t trust the buyback service to do it properly for you.
  • Clean the item before sending it back. Getting rid of dirt and light scuffs helps increase perceived value.
  • Be precise in reporting the item’s specs and condition to get an accurate quote. As mentioned, these services do an inspection upon receipt, and will update their quote if your item doesn’t match its initial description.
  • To get the most money back, always get quotes from more than one service. Sometimes, you’ll find it more advantageous to go with a service that is less particular about details, while other times you’ll get more from a site that asks for greater information during its valuation process (usually when you have a device with a more expensive configuration).

Author: Alaina Yee, Senior Editor

Alaina Yee is PCWorld’s resident bargain hunter—when she’s not covering PC building, computer components, mini-PCs, and more, she’s scouring for the best tech deals. Previously her work has appeared in PC Gamer, IGN, Maximum PC, and Official Xbox Magazine. You can find her on Twitter at @morphingball.

How to choose a computer for schoolchildren 2020-21? Which computer is better for studying

Step 1. Choose the type of device

There are four types:

  • monoblocks,
  • tablets,
  • desktop computers (PCs),
  • laptops.

Consider everything in order and figure out which computer is best suited for study.

Monoblock

Monoblock Apple iMac

This is a system unit and monitor in one case. Such devices take up less space than desktop computers and look very stylish. Modern monoblocks are equipped with a touch screen, which is convenient for drawing and familiar to children familiar with smartphones and tablets.

However, with all the advantages, this is not the most suitable option for studying: firstly, they quickly become obsolete, and updating their hardware simply cannot be done. Secondly, a monoblock is a very expensive thing. There are more or less budget models, but they are much inferior to laptops for the same price.

Tablet

Samsung Galaxy Tab

Very compact, lightweight and relatively inexpensive device. Once upon a time, tablets were only suitable for primitive games and Internet surfing, but now they can give odds to many computers. Thousands of applications for iOS and Android allow you to solve a variety of tasks, including educational ones.

Still, you should not choose a tablet as the main device for studying. First of all, due to the lack of a keyboard: typing long abstracts on glass is inconvenient.

<>

If the mobility of the device is fundamentally important – take a closer look at ultrabooks . This is a kind of hybrid tablet and laptop that can work with or without a keyboard. True, they are frankly expensive.

Microsoft Surface Go 9 Ultrabook0014 ‍

With monoblocks and tablets, everything is more or less clear. But the debate about what is better for studying: a laptop or a computer, will probably never subside. Let’s briefly talk about the pros and cons of these devices.

Notebook

Notebook Lenovo IdeaPad

Pros:

  • Mobility. You can take your laptop with you to school and anywhere else.
  • Battery operation. It is not necessary to have an outlet nearby.
  • Compact. A laptop does not need a special table and a place under it.
  • The software is already installed.

Cons:

  • Brittle. If you spill tea on a PC keyboard, only the keyboard will suffer. For a laptop, the consequences will almost certainly be fatal.
  • Small screen. There are laptops with a large diagonal, but it is difficult and uncomfortable to carry them – which means that it will stand at home like a regular computer.
  • Complexity of modernization and repair. In older models, you could easily insert a new RAM module or change the battery. Now, in order to upgrade, in addition to special knowledge, you need a soldering iron and a share of courage.

It is often said that working on a laptop is not as convenient as working on a desktop computer. But here everything is decided by the competent organization of the workplace. It is enough to buy a comfortable mouse and a computer chair and make sure that the height of the table matches the height of the student.

When choosing a laptop, it is important to pay attention to the screen – it should have a good viewing angle (178°) and not glare. You can buy a large monitor for working with images and video in a pair with a laptop. And we also advise you to choose a laptop for study in a metal case – it is stronger.

Desktop

Dell Personal Computer

Pros:

  • Easy to upgrade and repair. You can almost endlessly improve the characteristics of the machine and adapt it to changing needs.
  • Ergonomic. You can choose a large monitor, comfortable keyboard and mouse.
  • Price. PCs are about 10% cheaper than laptops with similar parameters.
  • Reliability. Unlike a laptop, a desktop computer is difficult to drop, crush, and even more so, lose.

Cons:

  • Not mobile.
  • Takes up a lot of space.

You can save money on buying a PC if you do not take a ready-made configuration, but order an assembly of parts of your choice. Large online hardware stores provide such services. It will be even cheaper to assemble the computer yourself: almost all parts can be found on the secondary market at a good price. It is not so difficult to figure out which components to choose for a student’s computer. More on that in the next step.

Step 2. We take into account the technical characteristics

There is no single answer, what is better to buy for study – a computer or a laptop – does not exist. Much depends on the age of the student.

In elementary school, a child will hardly need to carry a computer to school, so it is better not to buy a laptop for a first grader: it will become obsolete in four years. The best choice would be an inexpensive desktop computer. The main parameters to pay attention to are:

  • processor frequency,
  • amount of RAM,
  • video card.

Here is an approximate configuration of a budget computer for a primary school student.

Processor : dual core, such as Intel Celeron G4930 or AMD A6-7480.
RAM : 4 GB.
Video card : integrated.
Hard Drive : Solid State Drive (SSD), 120-240 GB.
Power supply : 400 W.

The cost of such an assembly for 2021 is about 15,000 ₽.

In secondary school, the child’s demands on the computer grow: someone is fond of modeling, programming or working with video, someone starts playing more advanced games. By the fifth grade, it is worth pumping a PC: increase the amount of RAM, put a more powerful processor, if necessary, a video card.

Here is a more advanced version for a teenager who works with demanding programs and loves to play:

Processor : Quad core, such as Intel Pentium G5600F or AMD A8 9600.
RAM : 16 GB.
Video card : Dedicated, 4 GB or more; e.g. NVIDIA GeForce GT 730.
Hard Drive : Solid State Drive (SSD), 500 GB.
Power supply : 500 W.

The cost of such a computer will be about 25,000 ₽.

It is worth thinking about buying a laptop for high school students: graduates will need it both at school and for trips to tutors, and after – at the university. More and more students are taking notes electronically. If a teenager already has a decent PC, there is no point in buying a top-end laptop. It is better to take a model from the middle price category, focusing primarily on battery life. Please note that manufacturers indicate battery life at low loads. Active use drains the battery 1.5-2 times faster.

General Purpose High School Notebook must meet the following requirements:

Processor: dual or quad core, such as 7th generation Intel Core i3 or AMD Ryzen 3.
RAM : 8 GB.
Hard disk : 256-500 GB.
Screen size: 14″.
Battery life : 7-8 hours.0014

Step 3. Select related products

First of all, a personal computer needs monitor . You can’t skimp on a student’s vision. The choice largely depends on the availability of space. If a student is sitting at a standard desk with 50 centimeters from the eyes to the screen, a diagonal of 21-25 inches is ideal. If there is not enough space – take 19 inches. It is also important to pay attention to resolution, viewing angle, brightness and refresh rate.

Here are the characteristics of a good study monitor:

Diagonal : at least 19″.
Resolution : Full HD (1920×1080 pixels).
Viewing angle : 178°.
‍ 9004 5 Frame rate : from 60 Hz (for gamers – from 120 Hz). We recommend gaming ones: they are more expensive, but more tenacious and comfortable.An ergonomic mouse is also necessary for laptop users: it is much more convenient to work with it than a touchscreen.Pay attention to the size of the mouse: it must support the palm so that it does not dangle in weight.Perhaps, only one criterion is important for a keyboard: quiet keys

Sound reproduction requires speakers or at least headphones. Laptops have built-in audio, but the quality can’t be compared to external speakers.

This is the minimum set. Everything else depends on how the computer will be used. For example:

A student has poor eyesight → look for a device with a large and eye-safe screen.

The child is drawing or doing graphic design → you may need a quality monitor and a special drawing device – a graphics tablet.

Teen makes music → Buy a computer with a dedicated sound card, MIDI keyboard, and other compatible music devices.

The student is interested in 3D modeling, video processing or computer games → you need a powerful video card and, again, a good monitor.

You often move or like to travel → choose a light laptop.

For online learning you will need webcam (built-in in laptops) and headset with microphone .

The printer is very useful in studies, especially when working with notes and handouts.

Foxford Online Home School students often take notes on paper to help them digest information better. For example, Styopa Pavlovskikh writes down some of the information during the lesson, and some of it is downloaded, printed and pasted into a notebook. Then he paints important terms and dates with bright text highlighters – a colorful memo for repetition is obtained.

Stepan Pavlovskikh’s example of abstract

Step 4. Selecting software

Laptops and finished PCs are already equipped with an operating system. If you order a personal build, the OS will have to be purchased and installed separately.

There is no point in buying office software nowadays: texts, presentations and spreadsheets can be created and edited for free on the Internet using Google tools.

If your child is interested in design, drawing, 3D modeling or working with video, you will need special software. Which one, ask your student.

In addition, an antivirus is required for all computers. Despite the abundance of free products, it is better to buy Kaspersky or Dr. Web. They protect personal data more reliably, and also have a parental control function: with their help, you can limit your child’s access to inappropriate content on the Web and the time spent playing games.

<>

Step 5. Learning correctly at the computer

  • The distance from the screen to the eyes must be at least 50 centimeters. The monitor should be clearly in front of the eyes.
  • Don’t slouch while sitting at a computer. Straighten your shoulders and keep your back straight. Don’t tilt your neck forward. If the back of the chair is too far away, use a pillow.
  • Do not cross your legs, do not sit in Turkish. Legs should be bent at an angle of 90 degrees or slightly more, feet should be on the floor or a special stand.
  • Arms in a bent position, at an angle of just over 90 degrees. Elbows – not on weight.
  • Good lighting is essential when working at a computer. Ideally, place the table by the window.
  • Get up from your computer once an hour and do light exercises for your eyes and hands.

We wish you productive studies!

What is a computer made of? | internet-lab.

ru

  • June 14, 2019

An article for those who want to understand what a computer consists of and what each of its components is responsible for.

We will not consider a laptop, because a laptop consists of, in fact, a laptop and an external power supply with a cable. We will consider a conventional desktop computer.

Why a desktop computer? For two reasons:

  1. A desktop computer is cheaper.
  2. The desktop computer can be assembled from different components according to your needs.

    What makes up a desktop computer

    Main computer components:

    1. System unit
    2. Monitor
    3. Keyboard
    4. Mouse
    5. Speakers

    System unit

    The system unit can also be called a case, a system unit, or simply a computer. This is a rectangular metal box that contains all the main components of the computer. System blocks come in different sizes:

    • Mini-ITX
    • Micro-ATX
    • ATX
    Composition of the system unit

    What is inside the system unit?

    1. Motherboard.
    2. Processor.
    3. Cooling fans.
    4. Random access memory (RAM).
    5. Power supply.
    6. Video card.
    7. Sound card.
    8. Network card.
    9. Hard disk.
    10. CD/DVD drive.
    Motherboard

    Motherboard is a large printed circuit board into which components are inserted. The size of the case depends on what motherboard is installed in it. The larger the motherboard, the larger the system unit required for it.

    The motherboard has connectors for connecting external devices. Connector example:

    1. USB 2.0 connectors . You can connect a USB mouse and keyboard.
    2. PS/2 port . You can connect an old PS/2 mouse or keyboard here.
    3. VGA connector . Connector for connecting a monitor with an analog VGA cable. The presence of this connector indicates that the motherboard has an integrated video card.
    4. DVI connector . Connector for connecting a monitor with a digital DVI cable. The presence of this connector indicates that the motherboard has an integrated video card.
    5. USB 3.1 Type-C . High-speed USB connector for connecting various devices.
    6. USB 3.0 connectors . You can connect flash drives and other USB 3.0 devices here.
    7. HDMI connector . Connector for connecting a monitor or TV with a digital HDMI cable. The presence of this connector indicates that the motherboard has an integrated video card. HDML cable along with video can transmit sound.
    8. LAN . Connector for Internet connection. The presence of this connector indicates that the motherboard has a built-in network card.
    9. Audio connectors . Speakers, headphones, microphone are connected here. The presence of this connector indicates that the motherboard has an integrated sound card.
    Processor

    The processor is responsible for mathematical calculations. It can also be called the CPU (central processing unit), CPU, stone. It is inserted into a special connector on the motherboard – a socket. There are different processors, so it is important that the motherboard and processor match.

    The more powerful the processor, the more calculations it can perform per second. And the more it costs. And the hotter it gets.

    Cooling fans

    Mounts a heatsink on top to cool the processor. For a tighter fit between the processor and the heatsink, thermal paste is applied, it helps to better remove heat. Usually, a tube of thermal paste is included with the processor. A cooling fan is attached to the radiator. The fan is wired to the motherboard. The motherboard supplies power to the fan and controls its speed.

    There may be additional fans inside the chassis that draw hot air out of the chassis. The more fans and the faster they spin, the more noisy the computer. Mounting points for these fans and holes for air movement are provided in the case.

    RAM

    Random access memory or RAM, RAM, is the “brains” of the computer, it is installed in special slots on the motherboard. There can be two, four or eight such connectors on the motherboard. The processor stores the results of its calculations in RAM. When the power is turned off, the RAM is cleared.

    The more gigabytes of RAM in total, the less the computer slows down, the more resource-demanding programs and games you can run on it.

    RAM is also different, so it is important that the motherboard and RAM fit together.

    Power supply

    The power supply is installed in a special place inside the system unit and looks like a box with a fan inside and a bunch of wires outside. A cable is connected to the power supply – it is plugged into a 220-volt outlet. Inside the computer, a lot of small wires come out of the power supply 12 Volts, 5 Volts, 3 Volts. They connect to the motherboard, hard drives, some fans.

    Video card

    A video card is needed to transfer images from a computer to a monitor. There are video cards that are already built into the motherboard. Such video cards are suitable for office computers for working with graphs, texts, tables. Colorful 3D games will no longer work on such a video card. For games and special engineering and design programs, you need a separate video card.

    The video card is inserted into a special slot on the motherboard. Fans are often installed on the video card.

    Sound card

    A sound card is needed to transmit sound from a computer to speakers or headphones. Most motherboards already have a built-in sound card, if your motherboard has one, then you usually do not need to buy an additional sound card.

    Lovers of quality sound, musicians, sound engineers buy additional sound cards. They are inserted into a special slot on the motherboard.

    Network card

    A network card is needed to connect to a computer on the Internet. Most motherboards already have a built-in network card, if your motherboard has one, then you usually do not need to buy an additional network card.

    Hard disk

    The hard disk stores your data – movies, music, documents. The larger the hard drive, the more data will fit.

    CD/DVD drive

    The drive is inserted into the front of the system unit. A drive is needed to read CDs or play DVDs. There are recorders that can write information to RW discs. In general, they are different.

    USB flash drives are now replacing disk drives, so it’s up to you whether you need one or not.

    Monitor

    The monitor is simple, it displays an image. The monitor is connected to the video card and to a 220 volt outlet. Before purchasing, please make sure that the monitor wire connector fits your video card connector.

    Keyboard and mouse

    The keyboard and mouse are needed to interact with the computer. The computer listens to what keys you press and where you move the mouse cursor.

    Wireless keyboard and mouse

    Wireless keyboards and mice are available. They connect to the system unit without wires. A battery is inserted into the keyboard (mouse), and a signal receiver the size of a coin is inserted into the system unit into the USB port.

    The pros and cons of wireless connectivity are obvious:

    • Plus, less tangled wires and less dust.
    • Minus – the batteries run out, usually at the most inopportune moment.

    Several types of connection of such mice are known. The main types include infrared, radio frequency, induction, Wi-Fi and Bluetooth. Each of them has its own characteristics

    Tip, if you are buying a computer for the first time, then choose a regular wired mouse without the bells and whistles.

    I use a regular wired mouse at home and at work.

    Multi-Button Mice

    Buy a regular three-button mouse that has a left button, a right button, and a middle roller button.

    Multi-button mice are used by avid computer gamers or those who work a lot with complex programs.

    Speakers

    Speakers are needed to play sound from the computer. The columns are also different. Depending on the sound card, you can connect stereo speakers, subwoofer, 5.1 speakers.

    Computer accessories

    • Webcam. Allows you to communicate via the Internet via video link.
    • Printer. Prints documents.
    • Scanner. Scans documents.
    • MFP (multifunction device) – printer, scanner and copier in one device.
    • Headphones. Listen to the sound and don’t disturb others.
    • UPS (Uninterruptible Power Supply or UPS). Allows you to smoothly turn off the computer if there is no electricity at home. Provides 10 minutes of battery life for your computer.
    • Tablet and light pen. We draw like a brush.

    Internet equipment

    • Router or modem. One wire with the Internet comes to the router, and the router already distributes the Internet to all computers in your home. And phones, too, over a wireless Wi-Fi network.
    • Network card. Wired or wireless.

    What else can be connected to a computer

    • TV tuner. Converts an analog signal to digital. Can be combined with radio. Shows TV on computer
    • External portable hard drives.
    • NAS storage. Shared file storage for all computers in the house.
    • Another computer (via home router).
    • Smartphone.
    • Card readers and external CD/DVD/Blue-Ray drives.
    • Projector.
    • Flash drive.
    • Joystick.
    • Plotter.
    • Microphone.
    • And much more.

    Programs

    In addition to the hardware, certain software must be loaded into the computer.